Autism screening and diagnosis in low resource settings: Challenges and opportunities to enhance research and services worldwide

Publicado em 15 de outubro de 2015

Autism screening and diagnosis in low resource settings: Challenges and opportunities to enhance research and services worldwide

  1. Maureen S. Durkin1,*,
  2. Mayada Elsabbagh2,
  3. Josephine Barbaro3,
  4. Melissa Gladstone4,
  5. Francesca Happe5,
  6. Rosa A. Hoekstra6,7,
  7. Li-Ching Lee8,
  8. Alexia Rattazzi9,
  9. Jennifer Stapel-Wax10,
  10. Wendy L. Stone11,
  11. Helen Tager-Flusberg12,
  12. Audrey Thurm13,
  13. Mark Tomlinson14 and
  14. Andy Shih15

Article first published online: 6 OCT 2015

DOI: 10.1002/aur.1575

Keywords:

  • diagnosis;
  • early detection;
  • epidemiology;
  • intervention

Most research into the epidemiology, etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of autism is based on studies in high income countries. Moreover, within high income countries, individuals of high socioeconomic status are disproportionately represented among participants in autism research. Corresponding disparities in access to autism screening, diagnosis, and treatment exist globally. One of the barriers perpetuating this imbalance is the high cost of proprietary tools for diagnosing autism and for delivering evidence-based therapies. Another barrier is the high cost of training of professionals and para-professionals to use the tools. Open-source and open access models provide a way to facilitate global collaboration and training. Using these models and technologies, the autism scientific community and clinicians worldwide should be able to work more effectively and efficiently than they have to date to address the global imbalance in autism knowledge and at the same time advance our understanding of autism and our ability to deliver cost-effective services to everyone in need.Autism Res2015. © 2015 The Authors Autism Research published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Autism Research

Fonte: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aur.1575/abstract

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